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Anurag Sharma


The Hottest chile in the World - Bhoot Jolokia
by Anurag Sharma

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What is the hottest chile in the world?

If your answer was Red Savina Habanero or anything close, you need to buy a new chile-cyclopedia. The hottest chile in the world comes from the north-eastern region of India. It has various names in various Indian languages. "Bhoot Jolokia" is the most common name. It is also known by many other names:

  • Raja Mirch (King chile)
  • Bhoot Jolokia (The Ghost chile)
  • Naga Jolokia (The King Cobra chile
  • Tezpur chile (chile from the Tezpur region)
  • Bih Jolokia (The poison chile)

Bhoot jolokia has been certified by the chile Pepper Institute of the New Mexico State University as the hottest chile found on Earth. It is now officially designated as the World's *HOTTEST* chile according to the Guinness Book of Records. The "Dorset Naga" chile, a native of the same region in India and parts of Bangladesh is the second hottest chile in the world.

Heat from chilees is mesaured in Scoville heat units or SHU. Bhoot Jolokia is supposed to have 1,001,304 SHU while Dorset Naga and the Red Savina have 876,000 and 577,000 SHUs respectively. The Jalapeno measures around 10 000 SHU. The pure capsaicin is 16,000,000.

Bhoot, Naga or Bih Jolokia is the hottest chile in the world

Other Usage
The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India is in the process of developing a new use for Bhoot Jolokia. They are developing non-lethal “pepper grenades” to be used by police against the insurgents and the rioters. At last G-20 summit, Pittsburgh became the first city to use sonic devices to deter the protesters. Such protesters may face Pepper grenades in place of the more common tear gas in future protests.

Related Stories:
World's Hottest Chile Pepper - Science Daily
सबसे तेज़ मिर्च - भूत जोलोकिया
Holy Jolokia at the Chile Pepper Institute
Naga Jolokia at Wikipedia
Recipe: Bhoot Jolokia Pickle

Related Videos:

Eating the hottest pepper

Indian girl sets a world record by eating 60 Bhoot jolokias

© Anurag Sharma